Production and operation with regulatory basis "quality" has become the primary issue in the pesticide industry
China Agrochemical Network News
The General Office of the Ministry of Agriculture recently reported the market supervision and spot check of pesticides for rice disease and pest control in 2009, which showed that the quality qualification rate of pesticide samples in 2009 was 83.1%, and 74 batches of products were unqualified, involving enterprises such as Qingdao Tiger Chemical Co., Ltd., Shandong Jingpeng Biopharmaceutical Co., Ltd., and Shandong Dongtai Agrochemical Co., Ltd.
Chang Yizhi, a researcher in the chemical industry at CIC Consulting, pointed out that although in 1997, China issued the "Pesticide Management Regulations", followed by the "Implementation Measures for Pesticide Management Regulations" in 1999 and subsequent revisions, providing a regulatory basis for the production and operation of pesticides in China. However, due to the relatively strict management of the production field and the relatively loose management of the sales field in the specific production and operation management, the supervision and management of the pesticide market by relevant departments are not in place, and the phenomenon of unqualified pesticide products still occurs repeatedly.
Taking the results of the supervision and spot check conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture on the pesticide market for rice disease and pest control in 2009 as an example, 270 pesticide production enterprises from 27 provinces (regions, cities) were involved. A total of 448 samples of rice pesticide were collected, 437 samples were tested (11 samples were not tested due to lack of standards or sample damage), and 447 product labels were inspected (1 product label was not inspected due to damage). However, out of the 437 pesticide samples tested, 363 were of qualified quality, with a qualification rate of 83.1%. Among the 447 product labels inspected, 340 were qualified, with a qualification rate of only 76.0%.
In addition, according to the "Investment Analysis and Prospect Forecast Report on China's Pesticide Market from 2010 to 2015" released by CIC Consulting, in 2009, the Hubei Provincial Administration for Industry and Commerce conducted a sampling of agricultural material markets in five regions: Wuhan, Jingzhou, Huanggang, Tianmen, and Qianjiang. A total of 78 pesticide samples were sampled, of which 57 were qualified, and 21 were unqualified. The qualification rate was only 73.08%, a decrease of 22.25% compared to the same period in 2008. The qualification rate of pesticide products has not increased, but has decreased, indicating that the supervision and management of China's pesticide market urgently needs to be strengthened.
Chang Yizhi believes that due to people's insufficient ability to distinguish between the truth and falsehood of these products, once these substandard pesticides are used, they not only fail to play their due role in crops, causing losses in yield, but also easily harm the personal safety of users. Additionally, they can easily cause excessive pesticide residues in agricultural products, directly endangering the health of consumers and affecting food safety, It can even cause pollution and damage to the agricultural ecological environment, which is detrimental to crop growth and environmental protection.
Zhang Yanlin, Research Director of CIC Consulting, pointed out that pesticide quality issues directly affect China's food safety. Among agricultural products exported to the outside world, there are some that cannot be exported due to pesticide residue exceeding standards. Therefore, when we pay attention to food safety issues, we should not only focus on the problems in the processing process, but also increase attention from the source of the food chain, that is, the use of pesticides in food production, and try to avoid the use of unqualified pesticide products and excessive use of pesticides.
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