The Ministry of Agriculture Launches the Action of Preventing and Treating Diseases and Insects in Spring and Capturing Summer Grain and Oil Harvest

Time:

2014-04-04


With the rise of temperature, diseases and pests gradually enter a high incidence period, especially major diseases and pests such as wheat stripe rust, scab, ear stage aphids, midge, and rapeseed sclerotinia, which seriously threaten the safety of summer grain and oil production. In order to achieve the goal of "capturing grain from the mouth of insects" and ensuring a bumper harvest, the Ministry of Agriculture has recently launched the spring disease prevention and pest control campaign to capture summer grain and oil harvests.

According to the relevant person in charge of the Planting Industry Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture, the action will aim to prevent and control diseases and pests, increase production and income, and reduce losses and increase efficiency. The focus will be on monitoring and warning, unified prevention and control, and scientific drug use. The implementation of the "one spray, three prevention" subsidy policy for wheat and the implementation of subsidy projects for major crop diseases and pests will be the starting point, in order to minimize the losses caused by diseases and pests.

This year's spring disease and pest prevention and control action will strengthen regional joint monitoring. Based on the occurrence patterns and harm characteristics of major diseases and pests in summer grain and oil crops, we will organize major provinces and key counties and districts that produce summer grain and oil crops to comprehensively strengthen field surveys. At the same time, we will play the role of monitoring stations in 362 wheat and 86 rapeseed major disease and pest areas nationwide, strengthen dynamic system monitoring of growth and decline, closely track and accurately grasp the trend of major diseases and pests, and clarify key prevention and control targets Key areas and optimal prevention and control time, scientifically guiding prevention and control actions.

The spring disease and pest prevention and control action will highlight the prevention and control areas and priorities. The southwest wheat region will focus on strengthening the prevention and control of stripe rust and ear stage aphids, the Jianghuai wheat region will focus on preventing scab, the Han River basin wheat region will strictly prevent the spread of stripe rust and scab, the Huanghuai sea wheat region will focus on strengthening the prevention and control of seedling and ear stage aphids and sheath blight, the northwest wheat region will focus on strengthening the prevention and control of stripe rust and ear stage aphids, and the rapeseed production area will focus on the prevention and control of sclerotinia disease. The action will fully leverage the backbone and exemplary role of specialized unified prevention and control organizations, improve the effectiveness, efficiency, and efficiency of prevention and control, and drive the comprehensive implementation of mass prevention and emergency prevention and control work.

To ensure the smooth implementation of the spring disease and pest prevention and control action, the Ministry of Agriculture requires all levels of agricultural departments to strengthen administrative promotion, strengthen supervision and inspection, provide guidance services, strengthen demonstration drive, strengthen pesticide supervision, and strive to ensure that each household has a copy of prevention and control technology understanding paper, each village has a prevention and control technology understanding person, and each township has a technical guidance expert, to ensure that prevention and control technology is implemented in place, and to promote scientific and safe medication, Ensure food production and quality safety. (Source: Information Office of the Ministry of Agriculture)